Pencil Shading Techniques

As soon as you have completely finished a line drawing of the person you are prepared to start implementing the pencil shading techniques. The purpose of shading is always to show your target three-dimensionality. Once you are over and done with shading, your current subject should look like it is actually attached in space and is not just an item in any plane.

The Importance of Values in Pencil Shading Techniques

pencil shading techniques

Pencil Shading Techniques

Values usually are, by definition, examples of darkness and also lightnes. It is good training to produce a visible feeling of a minimum of values or perhaps tones. To help you with that, I propose building a five-value scale for pencil shading techniques. Sketch 5 boxes beside one other and make the first one on the left completely dark whereas making the final 1 to the very right totally white-colored. After that, fill up the middle 1 by using a value that is just in between white and black. This particular value is termed the half-tone or medium gray pencil shading techniques. Next, fill in the second box on the left with something which lies between black color & moderate gray. This specific value is referred to as darkgrey. Lastly, fill out the 2nd box on the right with a value that sits basically between white and moderate grey. This value is known as “mild grey”.

These five values are enough to begin and can undoubtedly do wonders to your pencil portrait if you wish to learn the skill of scribbling realistically. Exercise these five values till you can identify them instantly once you see them. Now, armed with the knowledge of those five values we can right now approach our line sketching that has actually mapped out various shapes with different values. We can now start the actual shading procedure.

The Importance of Light Source Pencil Shading Techniques

One thing that you should keep in mind when you shade is definitely the specific location of the light source. In the beginning it’s best to deal with only 1 source of light. Every value you observe should be described as function of where the light source is found. Each value you apply ought to make sense in terms of the light origin. Assign each one of the spots on your line drawing among the 5 values you’ve gotten internalized. You accomplish that through attentive observation. Eventually, the limits regarding the distinctly valued areas will be blended thoroughly together producing a so called transition area which has a value in the middle of the 2 values from the adjacent zones.

To help you even more with pencil shading techniques, it is good to think of the various value areas with regards to the five factors of shading.

The Five Factors of Pencil Shading Techniques

The Halftone — This is actually the value in the center of your value scale. You can consider this particular value just as representing the true value associated with your subject but without the effects of immediate lighting or even shadow. It is nor light nor dark.


Full Light — This is the value of areas where the lighting strikes the person directly on. It is the white of the paper. This kind of value is also known as a highlight.

Cast Shadow – This is actually the pitch-dark value which will be the dark within the first box to the left of your pencil shading techniques value scale. This value only occurs in places that are usually completely shielded from the source of light as well as virtually any glare pencil shading techniques. These types of places are generally found amongst the shadows the subject casts upon other surfaces.

Shadow Edge – This is the dark grey situated in the 2nd box from the left on your value scale. This particular value type is located in areas that are not really within the cast shadow areas however are past the halftone. These types of areas are often between a halftone area and a mirrored lighting region or perhaps in between a half-tone sector and a cast shadow zone.

Mirrored Light – This is usually a value akin to gentle gray, the second box from your right upon your own value scale. Reflected lighting is often identified as being a little band coming from a cast shadow plus a shadow edge. This is the light that bounces back on to your subject from surrounding surfaces. The base of the jaw frequently displays mirrored lighting. Be sure not to make this kind of value entirely white since it never is. These kinds of mirrored light places are essential to see and to render simply because they contribute substantially to the look associated with roundness as well as 3d look of the subject in pencil shading techniques.

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